[FoME] The world's most neglected displacement crises

Christoph Dietz Christoph.Dietz at CAMECO.ORG
Mi Jun 10 22:47:50 CEST 2020

The world’s most neglected displacement crises
Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), 2020

"Each year, the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) publishes the list of
the ten most neglected displacement crises in the world, to shine a
spotlight on these forgotten emergencies. This is the list for 2019. 
Although humanitarian assistance should be based on needs alone, some
crises receive more attention and support than others. This neglect can
be a result of a lack of geopolitical interest. Or the people affected
may seem too far away for many to identify with. Neglect can also be the
result of the lack of willingness to compromise by parties to political
conflicts, creating protracted crises and growing donor fatigue. The aim
in publishing this list is to focus on the plight of people whose
suffering rarely makes international headlines.
More information and knowledge about these people and the crises
surrounding them is a first important step towards improving their
The list has been created based on three criteria: lack of political
will, lack of media attention and lack of economic support. All
displacement crises resulting in more than 200,000 displaced people have
been analysed – 41 crises in total." (p.2)
1 Cameroon
Mounting violence, political paralysis and an aid funding vacuum
contributed to Cameroon topping the list of the world’s most neglected
crises for a second year running. 
2 DR Congo
The political calm after the change of president in late 2018 brought a
semblance of hope to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo).
This optimism was sadly short-lived, as atrocities and conflict in 2019
left many Congolese living in fear of brutal attacks in the eastern part
of the country. 
3 Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso is a newcomer to this year’s Neglected Crisis list. It was
the world’s fastest growing displacement crisis in 2019, with a fivefold
increase in internally displaced people to nearly 500,000.
4 Burundi
There were fewer visible manifestations of unrest in Burundi in 2019
compared to 2015, when President Pierre Nkurunziza decided to pursue a
third electoral term, triggering months of protests, a failed coup and
widespread violence that displaced thousands. However, the East African
country’s political and humanitarian crises were far from over in 2019.

5 Venezuela
Massive protests broke out in Venezuela’s capital, Caracas, at the
start of 2019. Hundreds of thousands of demonstrators took to the
streets calling for political change. The subsequent political battle
between the government and opposition led to an impasse that remained
unresolved into 2020, with no successful national or international
mediation efforts.
6 Mali
Mali climbed up the Neglected Crises list in 2019, as conflict
intensified and spread from the north of the country to central and
western areas. Insecurity spilled over the border into neighbouring
Burkina Faso and Niger, igniting a new regional crisis in the central
7 South Sudan
South Sudan took tentative steps towards stability in 2019. While the
2018 peace agreement held firm in most parts of the country, pockets saw
spikes in armed violence, intercommunal fighting and cattle raiding.
Tens of thousands of people were newly displaced by fighting between
armed groups, particularly in the states of Central Equatoria, Jonglei,
Lakes, Upper Nile and Warrap.
8 Nigeria
Over a decade on, the conflict in north-east Nigeria between government
forces and armed groups, including Boko Haram, was far from over.
Civilians continued to be caught up in the violence throughout 2019.
Climate change also caused people to flee their homes. Extreme dry
conditions ignited fires in displacement sites, and large-scale flooding
impacted communities during the rainy season. 
9 Central African Republic
The conflict in the Central African Republic remained one of the worst
in the world in 2019, in terms of the proportion of the population
affected. Insecurity engulfed most of the country, with over half of all
civilians replying on humanitarian aid to survive as a result.
10 Niger
Another newcomer to the Neglected Crises list, Niger was struck by a
triad of conflict, climate change and chronic hunger in 2019. 

Christoph Dietz
Postfach 10 21 04 
D-52021 Aachen, Germany
Tel.: 0049 - 241 - 70 13 12 14
Fax: 0049 - 241 - 70 13 12 33
christoph.dietz at cameco.org 

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